Organic farming means growth of crops in natural manner without usage of any chemical based input in farm.
Organic farming system in India is not new and is being followed from ancient time. It is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way, as to keep the soil alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increased sustainable production in an eco friendly pollution free environment.
As per the definition of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) study team on organic farming “organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection”.
FAO suggested that “Organic agriculture is a unique production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity, and this is accomplished by using on-farm agronomic, biological and mechanical methods in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs”.
Indian hystory of farming is about 10,000 year old but In india Green revolution implemented from 1970. During this period benefits of chemicals fertilzier and chemical pesticide showed to indian farmers. Farmers left organic farming and accept chemicals for farming.
Some of this chemicals are carcinogenic, teratogenic even at very low doses. This chemicals used every day in farming. According to international rules for safe farming practice, farmer should not use any chemical pesticide at least before 15 days of harvesting. But in India Famers even use before one of harvesting also.This is due to low income level of farmers or no any regulation in governing bodies.
This chemicals when sprayed over crops, it get entered inside the crops and finally to fruits and vegetables.